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Cannabis News

Country/TerritoryFully legalizedMedical LegalCBD onlyDecriminalizedIllegalNotes
AfghanistanNoNoNoNoYesCannabis was made illegal in 1957 but the law was rarely enforced. Production was then banned by King Zahir Shah in 1973, supported with funding from the US government.
AlbaniaNoNoNoYesYesPersonal use of no more than a single dose is decriminalized.
Antigua and BarbudaNoYesNoYesYesIn April 2019, Antigua and Barbuda announced their medical marijuana program pursuant to the Cannabis Act of 2018. A person who is in possession of a maximum of 15 grams of cannabis or cannabis resin is not guilty of an offence.
ArgentinaNoYesNoYesYesThe Supreme Court ruled in 2009 that small amounts of cannabis and private consumption have been decriminalized. Argentina's medicinal cannabis program has been legal nationally since September 2017.
AustraliaNoYesNoYesNoIn January 2020, Australia decriminalized cannabis for personal use. A person can possess up to 50 grams of dried cannabis or 150 grams of fresh cannabis. Additionally, a person can grow 2 plants in their home, with a maximum of 4 plants per household. Medical marijuana was legalized in 2016.
AustriaNoYes, Cannabis-derived drugsYesYesNoThe law is complex in Austria. The medical use of synthetic cannabis is legal, however other cannabis products remain illegal. Personal cannabis use is decriminalized in Austria, with the sale of seedlings, seeds, and plants also being legal.
BarbadosNoYesNoNoYesIn November 2019, Barbados passed the Medicinal Cannabis Industry Bill which allows the use of medical marijuana. A person who practices the Rastafarian religion is allowed to consume and cultivate marijuana as a sacrament in worship under the Sacramental Cannabis Bill 2019.
BelgiumNoYes, Cannabis-derived drugs[21]YesYesNoPersonal possession up to 3 grams has been legal for adults since 2003. There are currently 2 cannabis based medicines approved for medical use - Sativex® and Epidiolex®.
BelizeNoNoNoYesYesPossession of up to 10 grams on private property was decriminalized in 2017.
BermudaNoYesNoYesNoPossession of up to 7 grams of cannabis was decriminalized in 2017. However, it remains illegal to smoke cannabis in public or private spaces. Medicinal marijuana has been permitted since 2016.
BhutanNoNoNoNoYesPlants grow naturally in Bhutan but the possession, cultivation, and sale of cannabis is strictly prohibited.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaNoNoNoNoYes
BrazilNoYes, Limited cannabis-derived pharmaceuticalsYesNoYesThe government passed a bill in 2018, approving the use and cultivation of cannabis for medicinal purposes.
BruneiNoNoNoNoYesAny form of cannabis is strictly prohibited, with offenders facing severe penalties.
BulgariaNoNoYesNoYesCannabis is classified as a class A drug, alongside heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, and MDMA. In 2019, Bulgaria became the first EU country to authorize a Free Certificate of Sale for CBD, allowing hemp-derived cannabidiol food products to be sold in open markets.
Burkina FasoNoNoNoNoYes
CambodiaNoNoNoNoYesMarijuana is illegal, but enforcement is generally relaxed. Known as "Happy" restaurants, establishments in the cities openly offer marijuana infused food or as a side garnish.
CanadaYesYesNoNoMarijuana became legal for recreational use in 2018, subject to provincial or territorial restrictions. Medicinal marijuana has been legal since 2001.
Cape VerdeNoNoNoNoYes
Central African RepublicNoNoNoNoYes
ChileNoYesNoYesYesPrivate use of marijuana was decriminalized in 2005. In 2015, Chile’s President, Michelle Bachelet, removed marijuana from the countries 'hard drug' list and permitted medical cannabis in pharmacies. Chileans were also permitted to maintain up to 6 plants for personal or medicinal use.
ColombiaNoYesNoYesYesDecriminalized for personal possession of up to 20 grams. Individuals cultivating up to 20 plants cannot be prosecuted if the drug is for personal use. President Juan Manuel Santos officially legalized cannabis for medicinal use in 2015.
Costa RicaNoNoYesYesYesLaws indicate that personal consumption of marijuana is not a crime.
CroatiaNoYesYesYesNoPersonal possession is decriminalized and is only punishable by obligation to paying a fine. Medical cannabis-based products were legalized in 2015 and are available to patients with certain medical conditions such as cancer, multiple sclerosis or AIDS. Patients must obtain a prescription which lasts up to 30 days and purchases are limited to 7.5 grams a month.
CubaNoNoNoNoYesPossession of cannabis is punishable with between six months to two years in prison.
CyprusNoYesNoNoYesCannabis is listed as a class B substance, with life imprisonment possible for use and a maximum 8 years for possession or a maximum of 2 years if under 25 years of age. Medical cannabis was legalized in 2019.
Czech RepublicNoYesNoYesNoCannabis was decriminalized in 2010. Possession of up to 15 grams or 5 plants is punishable under the Misdemeanours Act and is subject to a fine. Specialized medical professionals are permitted to prescribe up to 180 grams of dry medical cannabis per month.
Democratic Republic of the CongoNoNoNoNoYes
DenmarkNoYesYesNoYesSativex, Marinol, and Nabilone are approved for medicinal use. Denmark began a 4 year trial starting on January 1, 2018, allowing all doctors to prescribe imported medical cannabis products and Danish cultivated and processed cannabis. The program will be reevaluated at the end of the trial.
Dominican RepublicNoNoNoNoYes
East TimorNoNoNoNoYes
EcuadorNoNoNoYesYesIndividuals in possession of up to 10 grams of cannabis won't be prosecuted.
EgyptNoNoNoNoYesIllegal since 1925.
El SalvadorNoNoNoNoYes
Equatorial GuineaNoNoNoNoYes
EstoniaNoYes with LicenseYesYesNoUp to 7.5 grams of cannabis is considered a personal use amount and is punishable with a fine. Medical marijuana products were legalized in 2005. However, up until 2015, only one patient had been prescribed a cannabinoid-based medication.
Eswatini (Swaziland)NoNoNoNoYes
EthiopiaNoNoNoNoYesDespite being the spiritual homeland of Rastafarianism, possession of cannabis is illegal.
FinlandNoYes with LicenseYesNoYesIn 2008, the Finnish government passed a law allowing medical cannabis. Only one CBD product, Sativex®, is currently available. Prescriptions can only be obtained from specialists in neurology or doctors working in a neurological clinic. Use is decided on a case-by-case basis and only prescribed if patients have not responded to other medications.
FranceNoYes, Limited cannabis-derived pharmaceuticalsYesNoYesFrance legalized medicine containing cannabis derivatives, such as Sativex, in 2013. Medicine containing cannabis derivatives are legal only for patients with a prescription from a licensed physician. In late 2019, The National Assembly authorized a two-year medical cannabis trial for patients who are suffering from specific conditions that are not responding to other treatments.
GeorgiaYes for possession and consumption but not for saleYes, but no system for the dispensing of cannabis exists.YesNoMedical cannabis patients are permitted to possess up to 20 ounces of low-THC cannabis oil. Possession of the whole plant and cultivation remain illegal.
GermanyNoYesNoNoYesMedical marijuana can be prescribed by doctors for patients who have exhausted other treatment options for their conditions.
GhanaNoNoYesNoYesIn 2020, Ghana passed the Narcotics Control Commission Bill 2019 which decriminalizes the growth, use, and export of cannabis for health and industrial purposes as long as it contains Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels of no more than 0.3 percent.
GreeceNoYesYesNoYesGreece legalized medicinal marijuana in 2017 and lifted a ban on growing and producing it in 2018.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)NoNoNoNoYes
GuyanaNoNoNoNoYesCannabis users in Guyana face a mandatory prison sentence of three years for possession of as little as a 'joint'.
Hong KongNoNoYesNoYes
HungaryNoNoYesNoYesThere is no distinction in the law between drugs according to the level of danger. Cannabis users face the same legal consequences as heroin users.
IcelandNoNoYesNoYesThere is no medical marijuana programme in Iceland. However, licensed physicians can prescribe a cannabis based medicine, Sativex, in certain circumstances.
IrelandNoYesYesNoYesLegislation was signed by the Minister for Health in June 2019, allowing a pilot operation for the Medical Cannabis Access Programme to run for five years. Medical consultants can prescribe cannabis-based treatments to patients who have not responded to other treatments for MS, for nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy, and for treatment-resistant epilepsy.
IsraelNoYesNoYesYesPartial decriminalization was introduced in April 2019, allowing possession of cannabis in small amounts and use in private homes. Possession of small amounts (under 15 grams) in public are punishable by a fine for first and second time offenders, with 3rd time offenders facing criminal investigation. Raphael Mechoulam, an Israeli researcher, was responsible for identifying and isolating the THC molecule in the 1960s, and an entire medicinal industry has sprung up as a result of his team’s work. In 1999, medical marijuana was first legalized. Qualifying patients can obtain medicinal cannabis via a government-issued permit and applications must be supported by a specialist doctor.
ItalyNoYesNoYesYesIn December 2019, the Supreme Court ruled that growing small amounts of cannabis domestically for the exclusive use of the grower is no longer illegal. Possession of cannabis intended for personal consumption may be punishable with fines or suspension of identity documents. Prescriptions for medical cannabis in Italy are only for edible and smokable forms of medical weed, prescribed by patients physicians.
Ivory CoastNoNoNoNoYes
JamaicaNoYesNoYesYesDecriminalized since 2015, possession of up to 2 ounces will only be punishable by a fixed penalty ticket, instead of a criminal charge. It is also legal to cultivate up to five marijuana plants within households and for people to use cannabis for religious purposes. In 2015, Jamaica also amended the Dangerous Drug Act to legalize medical marijuana.
Korea, North (DPRK)UnknownUnknownThere are conflicting reports on the legal status of cannabis in North Korea.
Korea, SouthNoYes, Limited cannabis-derived pharmaceuticalsNoNoYesThe use of medical cannabis was legalized in November 2018. Patients with untreatable illnesses must apply to the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety if they wish to use medical cannabis. Recreational use is still illegal and punishable by up to five years in prison.
LatviaNoNoYesNoYesPossession of up to 1 gram of cannabis is punishable by a fine. Second time offenders caught within a year period are subject to criminal charges.
LebanonNoNoNoNoYesLebanon legalized cannabis cultivation for medical and industrial purposes in April 2020.
LesothoNoNoNoNoYesIn 2017, Lesotho became the first nation in Africa to issue licenses for the production of medicinal cannabis, which is exported to countries around the world.
LithuaniaNoYesYesNoYesA bill was passed in October 2018 legalizing the medical use of cannabis products.
LuxembourgNoYesYesYesNoPossession and personal use of cannabis was decriminalized in 2001 and is only punishable by a fine. In June 2018, Luxembourg approved a medical marijuana pilot scheme which would last 2 years and give patients access to 1 gram a day. Ministers have outlined proposals for legalizing the use of recreational cannabis by 2023.
Macau, SAR of ChinaNoNoNoNoYes
MalawiNoYesUnclearNoYesIn February 2020, the Malawi Parliament passed a bill for the legalization of medical cannabis. While cannabis has been decriminalized for industrial and medicinal purposes, recreational use remains illegal.
MaltaNoYesYesYesYesMalta decriminalized simple possession of up to 3.5 grams in 2015. It remains an arrestable offense but is only punishable by a fine. Second time offenders caught within a 2 year period are required to attend the Drug Offenders Rehabilitation Board. As of March 2018, medical cannabis was officially legalized.
Marshall IslandsNoNoNoNoYes
MexicoYes De facto for personal use, regarding both possession and cultivation.YesNoCannabis was first decriminalized in 2009 for possession of up to 5 grams. The Supreme Court ruled that the law prohibiting cannabis use was unconstitutional on October 31, 2018. Mexico is set to legalize cannabis in September 2020.
NamibiaNoNoNoNoYesThe Ministry of Justice released a statement in 2019 stating that Namibia is not ready for the legalization of cannabis or marijuana.
NepalNoNoNoNoYesNepal's Narcotics Drugs Control Act 1976 criminalized the sale, cultivation, and consumption of cannabis.
NetherlandsNoYesNoNoYesPersonal possession of up to 5 grams of cannabis or 5 plants is decriminalized but is subject to confiscation. Smoking in public is prohibited, although you can smoke in licensed coffee shops. Coffee shops operate under strict conditions and cannot sell more than 5 grams per customer per day. To use medical cannabis, you will need a physician's prescription. All doctors in the Netherlands are authorized to prescribe medical cannabis.
New ZealandNoYesYesNoYesThe government passed a bill legalizing medical marijuana in December 2018. In April 2020, New Zealand launched its Medical Marijuana Scheme to improve access for patients. Currently SativexTM is the only medical cannabis product that is approve. However, the Agency opened applications in April 2020 from medicinal cannabis suppliers to assess whether their products meet the minimum quality standard. A referendum will be held during the 2020 general election for residents to vote on cannabis legalization.
North MacedoniaNoYesYesNoYesCannabis is legal for medical purposes but remains illegal for recreational use. Use of any cannabis product other than an oil extract is illegal.
NorwayNoYesYesNoYesPossession of up to 15 grams of cannabis is punishable by a fine and a criminal record for first-time offenders, with harsher punishments for second time offenders and those caught with larger quantities. Medical cannabis was legalized in 2016. Patients must obtain a prescription through their doctor.
PanamaNoNoNoNoYesPanama’s president Juan Carlos Varela signed a new law in 2016 to legalize medical marijuana. However, debates are still ongoing and medical marijuana remains illegal.
Papua New GuineaNoNoNoNoYes
ParaguayNoYesYesYesYesA law in 1988 decriminalized possession of up to 10 grams of cannabis for personal use. President Horacio Cartes approved the legalization of medical cannabis in January 2018 and handed out the first license in February 2020.
People's Republic of China (PRC)NoNoNoNoYes
PeruNoYesYesYesYesThe Peruvian Criminal Code of 1991 states that possession of small amounts of cannabis (up to 8 grams) for personal use is not a criminal offense. Medical marijuana was legalized in 2017.
PhilippinesNoNoNoNoYesCurrent laws state that possessing up to 5 grams of cannabis could be punishable by a prison sentence of 12 to 20 years. A proposed medical marijuana bill is pending approval.
PolandNoYesYesNoYesCannabis is illegal but since 2011, Poland has adopted a tolerance policy which allows judges and prosecutors not to proceed with criminal charges if someone is caught with a small amount. In July 2017, Poland legalized medical marijuana.
PortugalNoYesYesYesNoPortugal became the first country in the world to decriminalize the use of all drugs in 2001, although medical cannabis was only legalized in 2018.
Puerto RicoNoYesNoNoYesMedical marijuana was legalized in 2015.
Republic of the CongoNoNoNoNoYes
RomaniaNoYes, Cannabis-derived drugs less than 0.2% THC can be prescribedYesNoYesPpeople who own, use or grow cannabis without permission can face six months to five years in prison. In 2013, the use of medication derived from cannabis became legal.
RussiaNoNoNoNoYesPossession of up to 6 grams of cannabis is considered an administrative offense, punishable by a fine or detention of up to 15 days. Possession of larger amounts is considered a criminal offense.
Saint Kitts and NevisNoNoNoYesYesIn 2019, the government passed a law decriminalizing cannabis for up to 15 grams, with offenses being punishable by paying a fine or community service.
Saint LuciaNoNoNoNoYesSaint Lucia is currently working towards the decriminalization of cannabis.
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesNoYesNoYesYesUp to 2 ounces of cannabis is decriminalized. Medical cannabis can be prescribed by doctors and dispensed only in authorized pharmacies.
San MarinoNoYesNoNoYes
São Tomé and PríncipeNoNoNoNoYes
Saudi ArabiaNoNoNoNoYes
Sierra LeoneNoNoNoNoYes
SingaporeNoNoNoNoYesPossession of cannabis is punishable by up to 10 years imprisonmen, a $20,000 fine or both.
SlovakiaNoNoNoNoYesSmall amounts of cannabis is punishable by up to 8 years imprisonment. Being in possession of, using, and purchasing CBD is legal everywhere in the EU except for Slovakia
SloveniaNoYes, Cannabis-based drugsYesYesNoPersonal use of cannabis is decriminalized. Medical marijuana is not allowed but the use of certain cannabinoid drugs is permitted.
Solomon IslandsNoNoNoNoYes
South AfricaYes for possession and cultivation but not for sale.Yes, but no system for the dispensing of medicinal cannabis exists.YesNoIn 2018, cannabis was decriminalized for private use, possession, and cultivation. It remains illegal to use cannabis in public.
South SudanNoNoNoNoYes
SpainYes in privateYes, Limited cannabis-derived pharmaceuticalsNo
Sri LankaNoYesNoNoYesSmoking and possessing cannabis is illegal. In 2017, the government legalized cannabis for medical purposes. The cannabis grown is exclusively for Ayurvedic practitioners and for export to the USA.
SwedenNoNoYesNoYesSweden has a strict zero tolerance policy.
SwitzerlandNoYesYesYesNoPossession of up to 10 grams was decriminalized in 2013. Cannabis can be used medically; However, there is only 1 approved product.
Taiwan (Republic of China, ROC)NoNoNoNoYes
ThailandNoYesNoNoYesMedical cannabis was legalized in 2019, allowing Thai citizens to apply for treatment.
Trinidad and TobagoNoNoNoYesYesIn December 2019, the government passed a bill decriminalizing the possession of up to 30 grams of cannabis and the cultivation of up to 4 plants in each home. Smoking in public remains illegal. A bill to legalize and regularize marijuana for religious and medical purposes is currently pending.
TurkeyNoYes, Cannabis-derived pharmaceuticalsNoNoYesRecreational use is illegal. Medical marijuana can be obtained from a licensed physician. Turkey legalized the production of medical cannabis in 19 provinces in 2016.
UgandaNoNoNoNoYesThe Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (2015) allows for the cultivation, production, and exportation of medical marijuana.
UkraineNoNoNoNoYesPossession of up to 5 grams or cultivation of 10 plants is an administrative (rather than a criminal) offense, but detention of up to 15 days is still possible.[217]
United Arab EmiratesNoNoNoNoYes
United KingdomNoYes for specific ailmentsYesNoYesRecreational use of cannabis is illegal. Medical cannabis treatment is available for a small number of patients suffering from specific illnesses. Medical cannabis\ will only be prescribed through a specialist hospital doctor when other treatments have failed.
United StatesYes in 11 states, 2 territories, and D.C. but illegal at federal level.YesYesYes, Decriminalized in another 15 states and 1 territory.NoAs of January 2020, cannabis is legal for adult use in 11 states and Washington, DC. 23 states have medical marijuana only laws.
UruguayYes for residents onlyYesYesNoIn 2013, Uruguay became the first country in the world to legalize cannabis. Cannabis can be obtained through licensed pharmacies.
VanuatuNoYesNoNoYesIn September 2018, the government legalized the production of medical cannabis and industrial hemp.
Vatican CityNoNoNoNoYes
ZambiaNoNoNoNoYesThe production and export of cannabis for economic and medicinal purposes was legalized in 2019.
ZimbabweNoYesNoNoYesIn 2018, Zimbabwe’s government legalized cultivation for medicinal and research purposes

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